Cannabis Growing Step by Step Guide
The popularity of cannabis growing is on the rise thanks to the widening of areas of its application and the worldwide legalization trend. Though it seems to be an easy task, the cultivation of this psychoactive plant demands knowledge, skills and expenditures. It all begins with the right place.
Growing Marijuana Indoors or Outdoors?
Both ways have their pros and cons.
If You Choose to Cultivate Cannabis Indoors
A number of fans of this plant dream about growing it at their home. Done of the well fitting spots are:
- Grow box in the living room;
Only your imagination sets the boundaries. Your experience also plays a huge role, as some craftsmen manage to ripen a decent cannabis harvest even in the worst environments.
When choosing an environment for growing weed, take into consideration the following factors:
- The temperature kept in the range between 20 and 30℃, which is the normal temperature in most living rooms;
- It must be moderately humid;
- There must be access to electrical sockets to connect the equipment (light, ventilation, etc.).
When choosing open ground for growing cannabis, the costs are seriously reduced.
If You Choose to Cultivate Cannabis Outdoors
Things to take care of:
- Choosing the right strain (which depends on the climate and your preferences);
- Preparing seedlings and planting them at the right time, in the right season;
At least 8 hours of sunlight every day, preferably even more.
Seeds should be germinated indoors before planting them outside. It is better to let photoperiodic varieties grow stronger indoors to increase the chances of healthy growth and development. As a rule, they are kept inside for 1-3 weeks. But it is worth remembering that a sudden change of environment can harm the plants, especially autoflowers. For example, so that your cannabis does not get sunburned outdoors, you should pre-train it with sunbathing beforehand.
There is nothing complicated about growing marijuana outdoors, if the local laws are in your favor.
As mentioned above, the easiest way to use light for growing cannabis is the sun.
Lamps for Cannabis Growing
Sodium-vapor lamps are one of the most effective artificial light sources today. Sodium-vapor lamps are actively used in crop production and are rightfully considered the best in terms of price and quality. They are durable and can be used at all stages of plant development.
It should be noted that one such lamp of 250 W is enough to illuminate 1-2 cannabis plants, 400 W - for 3 plants, 600 W - for 4-5.
Determining Soil for Growing Marijuana
Cannabis is an annual plant and, in a short time, it needs to have time to grow and give offspring, which can take several years for other plants. The short life cycle of a plant is more than compensated by its metabolism. Cannabis easily assimilates useful elements and grows vigorously. The earth should be porous, it should not accumulate moisture in itself and be well aerated.
Cannabis is an annual plant and needs to grow and procreate in a short time; it needs to do things other plants spend years on. Metabolism helps this plant achieve its goals. Marijuana greedily absorbs nutritious components and grows rapidly. The soil must be well aerated and not accumulate moisture.
Fertilizing and Chemical Composition of Soil
At the moment, there is a huge array of fertilizers created specifically for cannabis, while feeding plants it is worth remembering that moderation is better than overdoing.
Lately, special fertilizer kits created for the whole marijuana life cycle have been gaining popularity. Each stage of plant development can be taken care of more easily.
Soil acidity (pH) and its electrical conductivity (EC) are two important things you shouldn't forget about. They should be kept between 5.5 - 6.5 and 1.0 - 2.0, respectively.
After preparing the place and getting done with all preliminary matters, all that is left is to choose the proper strain.
General recommendations are the following:
- Choose a hybrid, as pure sativa or indica are too demanding;
- Autoflowers will yield less but are more likely to survive;
- For outdoor growing in the north or in a small space, the best choice is an autoflowering strain with indica dominance;
- Don't chase after a high THC content, if you are a beginner. These strains are often harder to grow.
5 Stages of Growing Marijuana
So, after getting done with all the preparations, let's delve into the world of growing itself. It is divided into five stages:
- Germinating and first sprouts;
- Blooming (Flowering);
- Drying, curing, preparing for storage.
Everything is pretty clear here – create optimal conditions for awakening life in the seed: place it onto a moderately wet paper, then fold the paper. There early sprouts will need a lot of light – at least 18 hours. After the sprout two or three pairs of leaves, transplant it into a pot, or into plain soil outdoors.
Now our cannabis is growing fast. During this period the grower can adjust the future marijuana bush by using trimming techniques to get more yield. At this stage there plant needs a lot of nitrogen, magnesium, and calcium.
During this stage photoperiod strains can be cloned.
Blooming or Flowering of Marijuana
Flowering is everyone's favorite stage of marijuana growing, but along with it, more challenging. Pre-flowers appear and it is possible and necessary to sex the plant. From the beginning of flowering until the harvest, colas begin to swell and bend because of the weight of buds, and the smell intensifies. Trichomes cover buds in a thick layer. Now our cannabis plant needs more nutrition – phosphorus and potassium amounts can rise twofold.
The darkening of trichomes means the flowering stage is over, if more than 50% of them have turned amber, then it is time to begin harvesting.
Here's a catch! To collect a truly potent and delectable yield, you should foretell when to collect the harvest in 2 weeks or 3 weeks.
Also, it's important to water your plants with pure fresh water to get rid of fertilizer residues and make the taste better. Yellowing leaves is a normal reaction to that.
The last watering is recommended to be done 1 to 2 days before the bush is cut, it is also recommended to lower the moisture level. These procedures will facilitate harvesting and improve taste.
Drying of Marijuana Harvest
Make n mistakes at this stage. Freshly cut buds still have moisture in them, it not only can affect the taste in a bad way but also cause mold. To get rid of mold and overdrying it is better to follow the following rules:
- The complete absence of light, as under its influence THC molecules decay;
- Humidity less than 50%;
- Temperature between 18 and 24℃;
- Decent ventilation;
- If done correctly, drying will take less than 8 to 10 days, after which, if desired, curing can take place.
Skills come with experience, but gaining this experience can be fun if you are prepared right. Cannabis growing is an interesting process, the joy of the first completed harvest cannot be forgotten. Seeds of inexpensive autoflowering strains suitable for beginners are there for sale all over the internet. Who knows, maybe over time, your own strain will be awarded at the next High Times Cannabis Cup.